Poverty Status Around the World
Efforts to alleviate world poverty in the last few decades have proven hugely successful.
Today, just 10 percent of the world is living in extreme poverty, a huge improvement from 29 in 1995 and a third of the percentage, there is still much to be done.
Below are the most up-to-date, quantifiable poverty statistics from the world’s top data gathering and humanitarian organizations. The information below compares high income to low income and rural to urban populations on topics such as child mortality, sanitation and hygiene, life-expectancy, malnutrition, and extreme poverty.
Behind every statistic is a real person facing challenges. In addition to economic strains, poverty affects feelings of worth and mutes the voices of the poor. These nine world poverty statistics can seem overwhelming, but real change is happening in some of the most remote parts of our world.
World Poverty Statistics: Global Poverty Report 2020
1) Globally, 10% of the world is living on less than €2 a day
That is just over 700 million people living on less than €1.90 a day, the World Bank’s international line for extreme poverty. A third of the entire urban population are living in slums, which are unsafe and unhealthy.
In Sub-Saharan,41% of the population are living on less than €1.90. Those experiencing poverty to this extent can often feel a lack of control over their own outcomes and circumstances. However, in the year 1996, 59 percent of the population in Sub-Saharan was living in extreme poverty. Although the region is still facing conflict, natural disasters, and more, they are steadily progressing.
2) For every 1,000 children born, 39 will die before they turn five years old
Although tragic, this is remarkable progress when compared to UNICEF’s 1990 report of 93 deaths per 1,000 births.
The 2017 UNICEF Child Mortality report claims, “1 child in 36 dies in the first month” in poorer areas like Sub-Saharan and Pakistan, “while in the world’s high-income countries the ratio is 1 in 333.”
Most under-five deaths are caused by preventable diseases like malaria, diarrhoea, and pneumonia. The most common contributors to these diseases? Malnutrition, contaminated water, and poor sanitation and hygiene.
In these underdeveloped areas, 1 in 3 children will experience stunted growth because they are not getting enough food, or not getting the vitamins they need in their food. Stunted growth also affects cognitive ability, making it more difficult for children to excel in class. Up to 50 percent of all cases of stunted growth are caused by inadequate water, sanitation, and hygiene.