The main cause of child labour is the presence of illiteracy and poverty of the masses who consider child labour to be a means of earning for the family and therefore, are not interested in educating their children. So, they are least interested in stopping this source of income. A need for a change in this direction is urgently called for. When poverty is rooted out from the nations, there will be no pressure upon the parents to send their children to work and earn a living for them. There is an urgent need for us to understand the implications of child labour and the Child labour is a problem. worldwide, but it particularly affects children in developing countries. Child labour is characterised by full-time work at too early of an age, and too many hours spent working. The work often exerts undue physical, social, or psychological stress, hampers access to education, and may be detrimental to social and psychological development.
In 2017, Turkey made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labour. The government adopted a new five-year national action plan to combat child labour and created new bodies to coordinate government policy on child labour and oversee implementation of the new action plan. In coordination with international partners, the government continued to train labour inspectors on child labour and implement projects that provided help to more than 1,000 children working in seasonal agriculture. The Prime Ministry introduced a new circular instructing provincial governments to improve provision of educational and other services to the children of seasonal agricultural workers. However, children in Turkey perform dangerous tasks in seasonal agricultural work and in small and medium manufacturing enterprises.
Gaps in the labour law and uneven enforcement resulted in insufficient protection of children employed by agricultural enterprises with fewer than 50 workers. Although the government made meaningful efforts in relevant areas during the reporting period, provisions related to the minimum age for work do not meet international standards. In addition, the government continued to make important progress in expanding access to education and other services for several hundred thousand Syrian refugee children, although high poverty rates and limited work opportunities for adult refugees left some refugee children vulnerable to exploitation in the worst forms of child labour.