The process of social development moves adolescents from the limited roles of childhood to the broader roles of adulthood. For young people, this transition includes:
Expanding Their Social Circles
Young children mostly spend time with their families who give comfort and a sense of belonging to them. Daily contact and interactions with family members, educators, and friends teach children and young people about the social world and the rules, practices, and values that support it. Social development is also influenced by wider networks including extended family, as well as participation in the community and culture around them. Their social circle expands slightly as they enter the school by interacting with other children and learning how to make new friends. By the time they reach adolescence, their networks also can include people from team sports, student organizations, jobs, and other activities.
As their social circles expand, adolescents spend less time with their families and may focus more on their peers. Young people also develop a greater capacity to form stronger relationships with adults outside of their families who may function as mentors.